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M U Malkani

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Profile: Prof. M U Malkani

mu_malkaniName: Mangharam Udharam Malkani

Birth Date: 24 December 1896

Birth Place: Hyderabad, Sindh

Education: B.A.

Profession: Lecturer

Work Place: D.J. Sindh College, Karachi and Jai Hind College, Mumbai

Popular Plays: Papu Kin Punju [1962] - Akhrin Bheta [1976] - Samunda Ji Gajgorar [1979]

Awards: Sahitya Akademi Award [1969 for Sindhi Nasur Ji Tarikh]

Death: 1 December 1980

Biography: Mangharam Malkani

Famous Sindhi Author - The Grand Old Man of Sindhi Plays - Father of Modern Sindhi Drama
5th Awardee of Sindhi Sahitya Academy Award 1969

Fatherly figure of Sindhi one act play, Pioneer of Modern Sindhi Drama Stage, First generation Sindhi writer in the post partition era Prof. Mangharam Malkani was born on 24 December 1896 at Hyderabad in the Zamidar family of Shri Udhavdas Malkani. This is said that even from the early childhood he had a very little interest towards the works of Zamidari. After completing B.A. he joined D Sindh College Karachi as the Lecturer of English. This also indicates that he was more passionate about the language and literature than his ancestral Zamidar work.

To boost his love for Sindhi Language, Literature and culture he along with Khanchand Daryani has established Rabindranath Literary and Dramatic Club in the year 1923. Besides presenting translations he started concentrating more and more on his own one act play in Sindhi. During the period from 1931 to 1945 he was also active with Gujarati Theater. After the partition Malkani joined the Jai Hind College Mumbai and worked there till his retirement.

Prof. M U Malkani has worked as the President of Sindhi Sahit Mandal [institution of Sindhi writers, poets and other literary personalities] for long fourteen years from 1949 to 1962. During all these years he dedicated himself as the friend, philosopher and guide of young budding Sindhi writer and poets and become famous as the fatherly figure. His suggestions and constructive criticism has helped to add a new lease of life for the Sindhi language and literature. This was he, who during the conference of Asian Writers in 1953 has successfully impressed Dr. Rajendra Prasad, for the inclusion of Sindhi language in Eight Schedule of the Indian Constitution though the final announcement about the recognition of Sindhi language was made in the year 1967 on 10 April.

Sindhi literature is enriched with 34 one-act plays and four full-length plays of Prof. M U Malkani and he is remembered as The Grand Old Man of Sindhi Plays and Father of Modern Sindhi Drama. Besides being active with Sindhi Drama he also acted in Hindi Film “Insan Ya Shaitan” in which her lead lady was Jadan Bai [mother of popular heroin Nargis]. Malkani’s renowned literary creation “Sindhi Nasar Ji Tarikh” [History of Sindhi Prose] was completed more than one decade before it was published in 1968 and for which Malkani was crowned with Sindhi Sahitya Akademi Award in 1969. He died on 1 December 1980 at Pune. Sindhi literature will remember as the one of the most popular Sindhi Dramatist.

Literary Work – Publications and Awards

Besides the Sindhi Nasar Ji Tarikh, some of Essay and play collection of Prof. Malkani are

Adabi Usool
Jeevan Chahchita
Khur Khubeeta Piya Timkan
Akhreen Bheta

List of his popular plays includes

Kurro Kalank
Nalayak Putr
Pap Jo Keeto
Papu Kin Punju
Preet Ji Reet
Samund Ji Gajgor
Tea Party

Apart the many awards, citations and felicitation from the various social and literary organizations / institutions of Sindhis he was also awarded with Sahitya Academy Award in 1969.