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Jairamdas Daulatram

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Biography : Jairamdas Daulatram

jairamdasGandhian Sindhi Politician of Sindh - Jairamdas Daulatram Alimchandani

Jairamdas Daulatram is the first name which strikes to one's mind when thought about the most noblest, highly respectful Sindhi teacher and Gandhian Sindhi politician of Sindh. This was the pleasant moment for the entire Alimchandani family of Karachi when on 21st July 1891 Jairamdas was born as the son of Daulatram Alimchandani.

Jairamdas went on to acquire degree of Law graduate with very excellence track record of academic achievements from his early primary education. After completing education he started legal practice but was forced to leave this just because being highly influenced with philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi, his conscience was not permitting him to make the compromises which was demand of professional legal practice.

This was during the 1915 when Jairamdas come in close and personal contacts of Mahatma Gandhi, from this very first meeting he become devoted follower of Gandhi Ji and since the 1919 Amritsar Session of the Indian National Congress he was considered as the member of Kitchen cabinet of Mahatma Gandhi. In the words of Gandhi Ji

"I swear by Jairamdas. Truer man I have not had the honour of meeting."

Greatness, dedication to serve Sindh and desire for freedom of Jairamdas was underlined by Mrs. Sarojini Naidu with words "Lamp in the Desert". He also become active with Home Rule Movement led by Annie Besant and Muhammad Ali Jinnah and inspired several thousands to lit the fire and desire for the freedom.

He took active part in the Non-cooperation movement (1920-1922), [non-violent civil disobedience], Salt Satyagraha (1930-31) and the Quit India movement (1942-45). He was wounded in police firing while leading the street protestors agitating outside a magistrate's court in Karachi in 1930. He was also imprisoned by British authorities for being the congress leader of Sindh.

In 1926, he was elected to the Bombay Legislative Council. He has also served as a member of the Congress Working Committee from 1928 to 1940 and was twice elected as the General Secretary of the Congress in 1029 and 1934. After the Individual Satyagrah of 1933 in which he worked as the President of the Indian National Congress, he engaged himself in the constructive activities of the Congress like harijan and village work. In 1934, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Bombay Textile Wage Committee and also a member of the Central Board of the Village Industries Association. In the 1946 when Constituent Assembly of India was constitute he was given opportunity to work as the member of it.

After the partition of the country in 1947 Jairamdas opted to live in India, though his birth place Karachi in Sindh become part of Pakistan. In the Free India beside being the member of ever first cabinet of independent India sworn in on 31 January 1950 he worked at various posts such as

First Indian Governor of Bihar [till 1948]
Served as a member of the advisory, union subjects, and provincial constitution committees.
Governor of Assam [From 1950 to 1956]

This was the first day of March in 1979, when Jairamdas breathed last.